Name File Type Size Last Modified
CBSA_2013.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 3 MB 01/19/2017 10:58:AM
CBSA_2014.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 2 MB 01/19/2017 10:52:AM
CBSA_2015.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 2.1 MB 08/10/2017 09:03:AM
CBSA_2016.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 1.8 MB 08/10/2017 09:00:AM
CD_2014.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 1.4 MB 01/19/2017 10:58:AM
CD_2015.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 1.4 MB 01/19/2017 10:52:AM
COUNTY_2013.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 9.7 MB 01/19/2017 11:02:AM
COUNTY_2014.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 5.2 MB 01/19/2017 10:59:AM
COUNTY_2015.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 5.3 MB 01/19/2017 10:53:AM
COUNTY_2016.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 4.8 MB 02/14/2017 05:21:AM

Project Citation: 

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. 2013 to 2016 Picture of Subsidized Housing Data. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-08-10.

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Project Description

Project Title:  View help for Project Title 2013 to 2016 Picture of Subsidized Housing Data
Summary:  View help for Summary Since passage of the U.S. Housing Act of 1937, the federal government has provided housing assistance to low-income renters. Most of these housing subsidies were provided under programs administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) or predecessor agencies. All programs covered in this report provide subsidies that reduce rents for low-income tenants who meet program eligibility requirements. Generally, households pay rent equal to 30 percent of their incomes, after deductions, while the federal government pays the remainder of rent or rental costs. To qualify for a subsidy, an applicant’s income must initially fall below a certain income limit. These income limits are HUD-determined, location specific, and vary by household size. Applicants for housing assistance are usually placed on a waiting list until a subsidized unit becomes available.Assistance provided under HUD programs falls into three categories: public housing, tenant-based, and privately owned, project-based.In public housing, local housing agencies receive allocations of HUD funding to build, operate or make improvements to housing. The housing is owned by the local agencies. Public housing is a form of project-based subsidy because households may receive assistance only if they agree to live at a particular public housing project.Currently, tenant based assistance is the most prevalent form of housing assistance provided. Historically, tenant based assistance began with the Section 8 certificate and voucher programs, which were created in 1974 and 1983, respectively. These programs were replaced by the Housing Choice Voucher program, under legislation enacted in 1998. Tenant based programs allow participants to find and lease housing in the private market. Local public housing agencies (PHAs) and some state agencies serving as PHAs enter into contracts with HUD to administer the programs. The PHAs then enter into contracts with private landlords. The housing must meet housing quality standards and other program requirements. The subsidies are used to supplement the rent paid by low-income households. Under tenant-based programs, assisted households may move and take their subsidy with them. The primary difference between certificates and vouchers is that under certificates, there was a maximum rent which the unit may not exceed. By contrast, vouchers have no specific maximum rent; the low-income household must pay any excess over the payment standard, an amount that is determined locally and that is based on the Fair Market Rent. HUD calculates the Fair Market Rent based on the 40th percentile of the gross rents paid by recent movers for non-luxury units meeting certain quality standards.The third major type of HUD rental assistance is a collection of programs generally referred to as multifamily assisted, or, privately-owned, project-based housing. These types of housing assistance fall under a collection of programs created during the last four decades. What these programs have in common is that they provide rental housing that is owned by private landlords who enter into contracts with HUD in order to receive housing subsidies. The subsidies pay the difference between tenant rent and total rental costs. The subsidy arrangement is termed project-based because the assisted household may not take the subsidy and move to another location. The single largest project-based program was the Section 8 program, which was created in 1974. This program allowed for new construction and substantial rehabilitation that was delivered through a wide variety of financing mechanisms. An important variant of project-based Section 8 was the Loan Management Set Aside (LMSA) program, which was provided in projects financed under Federal Housing Administration (FHA) programs that were not originally intended to provide deep subsidy rental assistance. Projects receiving these LMSA “piggyback” subsidies were developed under the Section 236 program, the Section 221(d)(3) Below Market Interest Rate (BMIR) program, and others that were unassisted when originally developed.Picture of Subsidized Households does not cover other housing subsidy programs, such as those of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Housing Service, unless they also receive subsidies referenced above. Other programs such as Indian Housing, HOME and Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) are also excluded.
Original Distribution URL:  View help for Original Distribution URL

Published Versions

V1 [2017-08-10]

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